Biologically Closed Electric Circuits Bok

Clinical, Experimental and Theoretical Evidence for an Additional Circulatory System

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är Bok
Behandlar Biologi
Publicerad år 1983
ISBN 91-970432-0-6
sidantal 372
Av M D Björn E W Nordenström
Publicerad av Nordic Medical Publications

Clinical, Experimental and Theoretical Evidence for an Additional Circulatory System

Alias: experimental and theoretical evidence for an additional circulatory system



Omfång22x31 cm




  I.     Summary

  II.    Radiographic detectability of corona structures

  III.  Corona structures around malignant and benign
        neoplasms in the lung
         A. A zone
         B. Small arches and arcades
         C. B zone, including its demonstration in a dog
         D. Interlobular fluid accumulation
         E. Radiating structures
         F. Course radiating structures: lamellae and
            infiltrated strands
         G. Narrowing and circular displacement of vessels
            around lung tumours
         H. Differential diagnosis: B zone, pleural
            thickening and retraction pocket.
            Pathogenesis of local retraction of lung and

  IV.    Corona structures around inflammatory lesions,
         including those of silicosis

  V.     Discussion of the radiological observations of
         corona structures

  VI.    Electric potentials in normal lung, pleura and
         liver and in focal pulmonary lesions, including
         bronchogenic carcinoma
         A. Preliminary studies
            1. Introduction
            2. Procedures
            3. Case material
            4. Results
         B. Short circuiting of different parts of normal
            subcutaneous tissue
         C. Induced levelling of the electric potential of
            pulmonary lesions
         D. Experimental charging and discharging of tissue
         E. Control studies of electric potentials of
            normal and pathological tissues
            1. Electrodes, recording of potentials and
               techniques of cell sampling
            2. Electric potentials of pleura and lung
            3. Fluctuating demand potential of a
               reference tissue (liver)
            4. Electric potential of pulmonary carcinomas
         F. Summary and conclusions

  VII.   Spontaneous development of a fluctuating injury
         potential in tissue
         A. Degradation of blood
         B. The fluctuating electrochemical potential of an
            injured tissue

  VIII.  Concentration-dispersion force: A brief review of
         intermolecular physical behaviour

  IX.  Water: Electroosmotic transport over closed electric
         A. Movement of water into necrotic tissue
         B. Intercellular space and movement of water
            through tissue
         C. Fixed  surface charges on cells
         D. Liquid water: structure and energy
         E. Electroosmosis, transport mechanisms Types I-IV
            1. Type I electroosmosis
            2. Type II electroosmosis
            3. Type III electroosmosis
            4. Type IV electroosmosis
         F. Two distinguishable pressure variables in
            electroosmotic transport of water
             1. Experimental methods and results
             2. Discussion of pressure changes and electric
                transport of water
         G. Transport energy in Type I electroosmosis
         H. Experimental electroosmosis in dog and human
            lung tissue
         I. Electroosmotic flow of water: local
            displacement of water in the formation of A
            and B zones around a tumour

  X.     Corpuscular movment and structural development:
         Effects of molecular and electric field forces
         A. Experimental model:  molecular forces and a
             superimposed electric field combine in vitro to
             form corona structures
         B. Molecular and electrostatic forces in the
             development of A and B zones
         C. Edge enhancement and radiating structures
         D. Stabilizing effects on radiating structures
         E. Development of arches and arcades
         F. Inertness and matrix functions
         G. Energy potential of corpuscular distribution
         H. Structural effects of molecular concentration
         F. Electrolytic double layers

  XI.    Structural effects of an artificial tumour in dog
         A. Experimantal studies
         B. Discussion

  XII.   Biologically closed electric circuits (BCEC)
         A. Corrosion in vivo
            1. Ordinary uncomplicated corrosion
            2. Corrosion influenced by BCEC: "complicated
            3. The precipitation line
            4. Dynamic factors in in vivo corrosion
            5. Pathways for the electric current
         B. A biologically closed electric circuit over
            vascular-interstitial conducting channels
            1. Structure of the vascular-interstitial
               closed circuit (VICC)
            2. Resistivity of tissue and body fluids
            3. Resistivity of the walls of bloos vessels
               a) Alternating current
               b) Pulsed direct current
         C. Observations of a preferential electric pathway
            in vessels and tissues
            1. Cathodic field
            2. Anodic field
         D. Structuring of interfaces in BCEC systems:
            development of membranes and organ capsules
         E. Capillaries and VICC
            1. Biologic transfer of electrons
            2. The capillary wall
            3. Capillary reaction in electric fields
            4. Selective distribution of granulocytes in a
               closed circuit
            5. Mechanisms of regional contraction of
               arterioles and arterial capillaries
            6. Search for redox sites: possible origin of
               the basement membrane and the endothelial
               fibrin film
            7. Search for redox sites: the vesicles
            8. Long and short distance selective transport
               in tissue over VICC systems
         F. Conclusions

  XIII.  Energetics of BCEC systems, ionars and ergonars
         A. Components of BCEC systems
         B. Ionic energy
         C. Interdependence of energies, including gravity
         D. Ergonic energy
         E. Conversion of ionic and ergonic energy
         F. Development of ionars
         G. Ionars and ergonars in experimental
            electrolysis of water
         H. Discussion of experimental results
         I. Summary and conclusions

  XIV.   Experimental activation of vascular-interstitial
         closed circuits (VICC)
         A. Materials and methods
         B. Charging and discharging of tissue
         C. Diapedetic bleedings
         D. Vascular pockets, ischaemic dystrophy and
            perifocal enhancement of radiographic contrast
         E. Ionization and ionic recombinations
         F. Transport and mechanical effects
         G. Conductivity changes
         H. Effects on red blood cells and their
         I. Accumulation of granulocytes
         J. A revised view of so-called chemotactic
            accumulation of granulocytes in inflammation
         K. Local accumulation in tissue of a charged
            chemical compound
         L. Direct current studies in the dog's lung
            1. Acute anodic
            2. Acute cathodic
            3. Four weeks anodic
            4. Four weeks cathodic
         M. Discussion

  XV.    Corona structures around pulmonary masses:
         vascular-interstitial closed circuit effects

  XVI.   Tissue transformations over BCEC in cancer of the
         A. Electric polarization in breast cancer
            1. Case material and methods
            2. Results
            3. Discussion and conclusions
         B. Radiating structures
         C. Peritumoural changes of radiopacity
         D. Fat-water distribution: closed circuit effects
            and radiographic appearance in vitro
         E. Local alteration of conductivity in a fat-water
         F. Closed circuit transports of fat and water in
            mammary fat tissue
            1. Method
            2. Results
            3. Discussion and conclusions
         G. Peritumoural water and fat, including atrophy
            of fat adjacent to electronegative mammary
         H. Circular displacement of tissue structures
            around breast tumours
         I. Arches and arcades
         J. Skin thickening and retraction: a result of
            altered distribution of tissue water
         K. Closed circuit production of fibrous radiating
            structures: cathodic and anodic types of
         L. Closed circuit production of fibrous membranes
         M. Closed circuit production of a cathodic and
            anodic fibrous tissue
         N. Closed circuit production of anodic tissue
         O. Closed circuit production of cathodic tissue
         P. Transformation of tissue and cells across the
            intermediate zone between anode and cathode
         Q. Discussion on closed circuit development of
         R. Microcalcifications: historical review
         S. Closed circuit production of
         T. The yellowish zone around breast carcinomas
         U. Electrophoretic accumulation of lymphocytes
            around and inside breast carcinomas
         V. Conclusions

  XVII.  Application of the principle of BCEC for treatment
         of cancer
         A. Spontaneous and induced healing of cancers
         B. Diathermic production of local tissue injury in
            lung tumours
            1. Dry electrodes
            2. Electrodes perfused with liquid
            3. Results
            4. Complications
            5. Discussion
         C. Induction of healing reactions in tumours by
            direct current
            1. Introduction
            2. Preliminary technique
            3. Preleminary conclusions
            4. Electrodes
            5. Application of electrodes
            6. Voltage and current
            7. Discussion
         D. Direct current treatment of malignant tumours
            in lung: experience in 20 patients
            1. Case material
            2. Preparation of patients
            3. Technique of treatment
            4. Case analysis of treated patients
               a) Mortality
               b) Beneficial effects of DC treatment
            5. Complications
         E. DC treatment of lung tumours: discussion and

  XVIII. Afterword: a discussion of principles and
         consequences of biologically closed electric
         circuits (BCEC)
         A. Structural and functional coordination in
         B. BCEC systems and their physicochemical
         C. Spontaneous reaction in BCEC systems
            1. Healing of injured tissue
            2. Production of scar tissue, structural
               transformation of tissue and cells
            3. Calcification in tissue
            4. Healing of fractures
            5. Electroosmosis
            6. Accumulation of white blood cells
         D. Artificial activation of BCEC systems
            Direct current treatment of cancer
         E. A possible role of BCEC in biogenesis,
            including carcinogenesis
         F. Morphogenetic capacity of BCEC systems
            Formation of membranes and organ capsules
         G. Physiological capacity of BCEC systems
         H. Acupuncture
         I. Vesicles in the transmission of nervous
         J. Oral galvanism
         K. BCEC system as receptors for moving external
            electromagnetic fields
         Concluding remarks
  Symbols and units