This is a general copyright notice for all online articles and tutorials carrying the name of 'Robert Bruce' as the author. All rights are most definitely reserved. However, the author gives permission for people to freely copy any of his online articles and tutorials for their personal use, and for them to to store these on their personal computers, and for them to display these on their public websites, and for them to share these in electronic magazines, providing the author's name and website url are attached to every article, i.e., (written by Robert Bruce, date written, http://www.astralpulse.com/ ) Further to this, short excerpts from the author's online articles and tutorials may be used by authors in other works, following the rules of 'fair usage' as long as these excerpts and quotes are properly referenced and attributed to the author.
Copyright infringements are easy to avoid. Generally speaking, if you use the ideas or written words of another person to prepare your own written work, and you quote the full reference to all your sources of information in footnotes or in a bibliography, you are completely safe from breaching copyright law. Referencing must be done, even if you do not quote directly from another person's written work, but have used its ideas and concepts to prepare your own work. For example, if you read several books while researching an article, but do not quote from any of these directly, you must 'still' quote these sources of information in a bibliography. If you do not do this, you risk accidentally plagiarizing these works. Technically, you should even reference the dictionary and thesaurus you use to spell check a manuscript. Deliberately rewording the work of another author is blatant plagiarism, which is easily detectable because it involves the use of illogical word and phrase replacement. If you do quote directly from the written work of another person, this should be indented and enclosed in quote marks to show it is a quote, and an indication of authorship given in the quote. The full reference to this quote must then be given in a footnote, and/or in bibliography. It is foolish to risk plagiarism by omitting a simple reference or footnote.
Breaches and abuses of the author's copyright, including unfair usage and non-referencing (most especially in printed works such as published magazines and books), will be actively pursued according to international copyright law. Please note that plagiarism is a very serious criminal offense throughout the world. In the USA, for example, this can result in a Federal Conviction and criminal record, which is not only very expensive but can also cause major damage to an author's career and public credibility.